A symbiotic relationship: Norwegian diplomacy and Norwegian journalism
on war and peace in Guatemala
This article deals
with Norwegian journalism on the Guatemalan civil war and the peace process
from 1990 to 1997. The author has examined all documents regarding the
peace process in Guatemala registered in the archive of the Norwegian
Ministry of Foreign Affairs from the late 1980s to 1995 and interviewed
most of the relevant Norwegian and Guatemalan sources.
The results of the study show that Norwegian sources consistently dominated
the reporting on Guatemala. The constructed understandings of Norwegian
engagement with war and peace in Guatemala resonated with deep sentiments
within Norwegian society. Norwegian journalists came to rely heavily on
Norwegian diplomats and facilitators, not only for information, but also
for the interpretation of the information.
On the author:
Roy Krøvel earned his PhD in History. His dissertation was on the
relationship between the media and guerrilla organizations and indigenous
peoples in Mexico and Central America. He is also a civil engineer specializing
in the environment and risk analysis. Krøvel currently teaches
journalism at Oslo University College in Norway. Outside academia Krøvel
has published several books on journalism and conflict. He has also lived
and worked for solidarity organizations in Nicaragua, El Salvador and
of Journalism, Library and Information Science, Oslo University College,
Postboks 4, St. Olavs plass, 0130 Oslo, Norway.